Baby Hints & Tips

Health checklist: From newborn to 5 years

There is so much to think about and remember when you become a parent for the first time, including remembering all of the various health checks your child needs. Keep this health checklist as a cheat sheet for health checks by age.

Baby health checklist

After birth

  • Vitamin K shot (recommended)
  • Hepatitis B vaccination (recommended)
  • Hearing test
  • Breastfeeding assessment and support

In hospital, there are midwives who can help with everything from breastfeeding support to changing your baby, getting a routine started and settling. If you are seeking further support with breastfeeding and latch, ask your midwife if the hospital has a lactation specialist.

From 1 – 4 weeks

  • Visits from Community Health Nurse – checks on feeding, weight, sleep, hips, mum’s wellbeing.

You might elect to have the Community Health Nurse come for check ups at home. Your Community Health Nurse will come weekly to weigh baby, check nappy area, watch you feeding, and ask you how you are feeling. Your Community Health Nurse can come more regularly if you are having any problems or feeling not yourself. They will put you in touch with services and professionals that can help you with any areas of concern with yourself or your new baby.

From 6 – 8 weeks

  • Six week immunisations – diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilius influenzae type B, Hepatitis B, polio, pneumococcal and rotavirus.

This will be your first visit to a General Practitioner or Paediatrician for immunisations and a check up. They will ask you lots of questions to see how you are coping with your new baby. Answer all questions and share any concerns you might have so that your doctor can assist with any additional support you and your family might require.

From 4 months

  • Four month vaccinations – diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilius influenzae type B, Hepatitis B, polio, pneumococcal and rotavirus.

If you are looking for any information about your new baby, this is a great opportunity to ask questions. You still have access to your community health nurse and centre, so drop in for anything you might be concerned about. You can also start to look for a local mother’s group if you haven’t already and your community health centre will be excellent with getting that set up for you.

From 6 months

Six month vaccinations – diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilius influenzae type B, Hepatitis B, polio and pneumococcal.

Around this time your baby will have started or will be starting to introduce solids. Speak with your doctor on this check up about the foods you want to try and advice for feeding. If you are having any concerns with breastfeeding, support is still there and your doctor can help with recommending information and services.

From 12 months

One year check up including healthy eating, sleep, growth, behaviour, mobility and parent’s concerns.

  • 12 month vaccinations – Haemophilius influenzae type B, meningococcal C, measles Hepatitis B, polio and pneumococcal.

 

This is a general check up with your child’s health practitioner where they will check that your baby is reaching appropriate milestones. If you have any concerns about family life, your baby or yourself, this is a good opportunity to seek support.

From 18 months

 

  • 18 month check up including healthy eating, sleep, taking care of teeth, growth, behaviour, mobility, starting toilet training.
  • 18 month vaccinations – Measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, diptheria, tetanus and pertusis.

 

This is a general check up with your GP or Paediatrician that happens in conjunction with the 18 month vaccinations. Your child will be measured and weighed, and your doctor will ask questions regarding any concerns you might have about their behaviour, mobility, sleep and health.

From 3.5 – 4 years

 

  • 4 years vaccinations – Diptheria, tetanus, pertusis and polio.
  • Sight test
  • Speech assessment

 

Vaccinations can be given any time from 3.5 years to 4 years of age. This is the last round of vaccinations your child requires until they are 12 years.
If your child attends daycare or pre-school, local speech pathologists will come send home information and permission to come into the classroom for a speech assessment. This will cover things like sentence structure, pronunciation and also keeping an ear out for medical problems such as vocal nodules. They make recommendations based on the assessment to either see a speech pathologist or an ENT.
Similarly, a statewide eye screening is done through daycare and pre-school centres to see if your child has any impairments before school starts. If they show signs of vision impairment in the screener, they will be sent for a more thorough screening at an optometrist.

Speech Milestones: Two Year Olds

 

Amanda Nicholls

About the Author:

Amanda is the Editor in Chief of Entertain My Tribe and Kids Party Guide. Amanda has done everything from being a magazine editor to a newspaper journalist. She lives in the Blue Mountains with her tribe (husband and two daughters). You can follow her on Entertain My Tribe's Facebook or Kid's Party Guide's Facebook.

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